TVA in Alabama

Fiscal Year 2017 (October 2016 – September 2017)

Energy Sales

  • In fiscal year 2017, TVA sold over 17.4 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity to 17 municipal and 8 cooperatively owned utilities that distribute TVA power in Alabama.
  • More than 499,000 households in 17 northern Alabama counties bought more than 7.09 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity from the utilities in 2017.
  • Over 101,273 commercial and industrial customers in Alabama purchased over 9.4 billion kilowatt-hours. In addition, utilities in Alabama sold over 218 million kilowatt-hours to outdoor-lighting customers.
  • Alabama is home to 12 directly served customers of TVA that purchased nearly 5 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity in fiscal year 2017.
  • TVA’s power revenues in Alabama totaled more than $1.5 billion in 2017, or about 14.4 percent of TVA operating revenues.

Service Area

  • Local power companies who distribute TVA power serve the following Alabama counties: Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Colbert, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marshall, Morgan and Winston.
  • The TVA service area in Alabama covers about 8,979 square miles, about 10 percent of TVA’s territory and 17 percent of Alabama. This includes an electricity service area of 8,658 square miles and a watershed management area of 6,826 square miles.

Power Generation and Transmission

  • In Alabama, TVA operated three hydroelectric dams (Guntersville, Wheeler and Wilson), one nuclear power plant (Browns Ferry) and one natural gas-fueled combustion turbine site (Colbert) during the 2017 fiscal year.
  • TVA operates two solar facilities in Alabama—a 23-kilowatt site at the Huntsville Botanical Gardens and a 25-kilowatt site at the Florence wastewater treatment facility.
  • TVA owns or maintains 77 substations and switchyards and 2,394 miles of transmission line in Alabama.

Land and Water Stewardship

  • Guntersville, Wheeler, Wilson and Pickwick reservoirs in northern Alabama have a combined surface area of about 200,000 acres and about 2,700 miles of shoreline.
  • Bear Creek, Upper Bear Creek, Little Bear Creek and Cedar Creek reservoirs in northwestern Alabama have a combined surface area of 8,000 acres and about 250 miles of shoreline.
  • TVA manages recreational, natural and cultural resources on more than 90,000 acres of public land around these reservoirs and partners with state, local and regional stakeholders to improve water quality, shoreline conditions, recreation and biodiversity.
  • Alabama residents enjoy camping, fishing, boating, swimming and other recreational opportunities provided by these reservoirs, as well as economic benefits resulting from recreation and tourism. The Rockpile Recreation Area has undergone significant renovations including a new playground that models Wilson Dam and the surrounding landscape. TVA also maintains five stream access sites.

River Management

  • TVA maintains the structural, seismic and hydraulic integrity of seven dams in Alabama, including three hydroelectric dams on the main channel of the Tennessee River and four non-generating dams in the Bear Creek watershed.
  • TVA manages flows to support thermal compliance at our nuclear plants, and to support non-thermal processes at our retired coal-fired plants.
  • TVA operates the dams and reservoirs in Alabama as part of an integrated multi-purpose reservoir system to provide numerous stakeholders a variety of benefits which can include: navigation, flood risk reduction, low-cost hydropower, water supply, water quality and recreational opportunities.
  • TVA owns six locks in Alabama that serve 60 Alabama ports and terminals. Approximately 22 million tons of cargo moved through the facilities in fiscal year 2017
  • TVA dams and reservoirs in Alabama are operated in conjunction with others in the TVA system to store flood water for controlled release. Operation of this system helps avert an average of $270 million in flood damage per year.
  • Twenty-six municipalities and eleven industries in Alabama draw water from the Tennessee River system. Water also is drawn for power-plant cooling and irrigation.
  • TVA schedules releases from Upper Bear Creek Dam in northwestern Alabama to support canoeing and kayaking on the Bear Creek floatway.

Other TVA Operations

  • Alabama households had approximately 7.93 million kilowatt-hours of electric energy efficiency savings from the completion of 1,785 eScores, 965 self-audits and 1,028 new homes. In addition, 440 new home builders were incentivized for installing Smart Electric Technologies.


  • About 1,979 TVA employees live in Alabama
  • Alabama is home to roughly 4,599 TVA retirees and their families.

Tax Equivalent Payments

  • TVA paid $87 million in lieu of taxes to Alabama in 2017, based on power sales and power property values in the state.

Economic Development

  • TVA works with local power companies, directly served customers and regional, state and community organizations to create economic development opportunities in the TVA region. Economic development focuses on attracting and retaining jobs, capital investment and serving and supporting communities as they prepare for economic growth. During fiscal year 2017, 10,700 jobs were created and retained in Alabama and $1.3 billion was invested.

TVA Suppliers

  • In fiscal year 2017, TVA purchased over $1.59 billion in nonfuel materials and services from suppliers across the state of Alabama.

Get the Bigger Picture

Want to understand how the nine states of the Tennessee Valley fit together? Want to see facts about the Tennessee Valley region as a whole? We have the answers you seek. Click here to see TVA at a Glance.