TVA in North Carolina

Fiscal Year 2017 (October 2016 – September 2017)

Energy Sales

  • In fiscal year 2017, TVA sold more than 747 million kilowatt-hours of electricity to 1 municipal utility and 3 cooperatively owned utilities that distribute TVA power in North Carolina—Murphy Power Board, Blue Ridge Mountain Electric Membership Corp., Tri-State Membership Corp. and Mountain Electric Cooperative.
  • The local power companies served more than 33,693 households, with sales of more than 343.8 million kilowatt-hours in six North Carolina counties in 2017.
  • Local power companies distributed TVA power to almost 9,000 commercial and industrial customers, with sales of more than 225 million kilowatt-hours. In addition, distributors in North Carolina sold over 7.9 million kilowatt-hours to outdoor lighting customers.
  • TVA revenues in North Carolina totaled more than $56 million in 2017.

Service Area

  • TVA serves the North Carolina counties of Avery, Burke, Cherokee, Clay, McDowell and Watauga.
  • The TVA service area in North Carolina covers a total of 5,535 square miles, about 6 percent of TVA’s territory. This includes an electricity service area of 651 square miles and a watershed management area of 5,476 square miles.

Power Generation and Transmission

  • TVA owns and operates four hydroelectric dams in North Carolina with a combined generation capacity of 523 megawatts. The dams are Apalachia and Hiwassee in Cherokee County; Chatuge in Clay County; and Fontana in Swain and Graham counties.
  • TVA owns or maintains 11 substations and switchyards and nearly 119 miles of transmission line in North Carolina.

Land and Water Stewardship

  • TVA manages four reservoirs in western North Carolina—Apalachia, Fontana, Hiwassee and a portion of Chatuge. These reservoirs have a combined surface area of nearly 21,000 acres and about 530 miles of shoreline in North Carolina.
  • North Carolina residents enjoy camping, fishing, boating, swimming and other recreational opportunities provided by the reservoirs, as well as economic benefits of recreation and tourism. TVA maintains four day-use areas on the reservoirs and 13 stream access sites.
  • TVA manages recreational and cultural resources on more than 1,500 acres of public land around reservoirs in North Carolina and partners with state, local and regional stakeholders to improve water quality, shoreline conditions, recreation and biodiversity in these reservoirs and their tributaries.
  • The TVA visitor center at Fontana Dam hosted 64,000 visitors in 2017.

River Management

  • TVA maintains the structural, seismic and hydraulic integrity of four dams in North Carolina: Apalachia, Chatuge, Fontana and Hiwassee.
  • TVA operates the dams and reservoirs in North Carolina as part of an integrated multi-purpose reservoir system to provide numerous stakeholders a variety of benefits which can include: navigation, flood risk reduction, low-cost hydropower, water supply and recreational opportunities.
  • Twenty-one municipalities, thirteen industries and eighteen mining companies in North Carolina draw water from the Tennessee River system. Water also is drawn for power plant cooling and irrigation.

Other TVA Operations

  • North Carolina households had approximately 294,000 kilowatt-hours of electric energy efficiency savings from the completion of 99 eScores, 20 self-audits and 2 new homes.


  • Twenty-three TVA employees live in North Carolina
  • North Carolina is home to 225 TVA retirees and their families.

Tax Equivalent Payments

  • TVA paid $2.8 million in lieu of taxes to North Carolina in 2017 based on power sales and power property values in the state.

Economic Development

  • TVA works with local power companies, directly served customers and regional, state and community organizations to create economic development opportunities for the TVA region. Economic development focuses on attracting and retaining jobs, capital investment and serving and supporting communities as they prepare for economic growth.

TVA Suppliers

  • In fiscal year 2017, TVA purchased over $461 million in nonfuel materials and services from suppliers across the state of North Carolina.

Get the Bigger Picture

Want to understand how the seven states of the Tennessee Valley fit together? Want to see facts about the Tennessee Valley region as a whole? We have the answers you seek. Click here to see TVA at a Glance.