TVA in North Carolina

Fiscal Year 2016 (October 2015 – September 2016)

Energy Sales

  • In fiscal year 2016, TVA sold more than 788 million kilowatt-hours of electricity to one municipal utility and three cooperatively owned utilities that distribute TVA power in North Carolina: Murphy Power Board, Blue Ridge Mountain Electric Membership Corp., Tri-State Membership Corp. and Mountain Electric Cooperative.
  • The local power companies served more than 33,000 households, with sales of more than 357 million kilowatt-hours in six North Carolina counties in 2016.
  • Local power companies distributed TVA power to approximately 9,000 commercial and industrial customers, with sales of more than 245 million kilowatt-hours. In addition, distributors in North Carolina sold over 7.9 million kilowatt-hours to outdoor lighting customers.
  • TVA revenues in North Carolina totaled more than $58 million in 2016.

Service Area

  • TVA serves the North Carolina counties of Avery, Burke, Cherokee, Clay, McDowell and Watauga.
  • The TVA service area in North Carolina covers a total of 5,535 square miles, about 6 percent of TVA’s territory. This includes an electricity service area of 651 square miles and a watershed management area of 5,476 square miles.

Power Generation and Transmission

  • TVA owns and operates four hydroelectric dams in North Carolina with a combined generation capacity of 523 megawatts. The dams are Apalachia and Hiwassee in Cherokee County; Chatuge in Clay County, and Fontana in Swain and Graham counties.
  • TVA owns or maintains 11 substations and switchyards and nearly 119 miles of transmission line in North Carolina.

Land and Water Stewardship

  • TVA manages four reservoirs in western North Carolina—Apalachia, Fontana, Hiwassee and a portion of Chatuge. These reservoirs have a combined surface area of nearly 21,000 acres and about 530 miles of shoreline in North Carolina.
  • North Carolina residents enjoy camping, fishing, boating, swimming and other recreational opportunities provided by the reservoirs, as well as economic benefits of recreation and tourism. TVA maintains four day-use areas on the reservoirs and 13 stream access sites.
  • TVA manages recreational and cultural resources on more than 1,500 acres of public land around reservoirs in North Carolina and partners with state, local and regional stakeholders to improve water quality, shoreline conditions, recreation and biodiversity in these reservoirs and their tributaries.
  • The TVA visitor center at Fontana Dam welcomed nearly 49,000 visitors in 2016.

River Management

  • TVA maintains the structural, seismic and hydraulic integrity of four dams in North Carolina.
  • TVA operates the dams and reservoirs in North Carolina as part of an integrated multi-purpose reservoir system to provide numerous stakeholders a variety of benefits which can include: navigation, flood risk reduction, low-cost hydropower, water supply and recreational opportunities.
  • Sixteen municipalities, 13 industries and 17 mining companies in North Carolina draw water from the Tennessee River system. Water also is drawn for power plant cooling and irrigation.

Other TVA Operations

  • North Carolina households had 333,940 kilowatt-hours of electric energy efficiency savings resulting from the completion of 169 eScore measures and 120 self-audits taken online or by paper survey.


  • Twenty-three TVA employees live in North Carolina.
  • North Carolina is home to 222 TVA retirees and their families.

Tax Equivalent Payments

  • TVA paid $2.8 million in lieu of taxes to North Carolina in 2016, based on power sales and power property values in the state.

Economic Development

  • TVA works with local power companies, directly served customers, and regional, state and community organizations to create economic development opportunities for the TVA region. Economic development focuses on attracting and retaining jobs, capital investment, and serving and supporting communities to prepare for economic growth. During fiscal year 2016, over 480 jobs were created or retained in North Carolina and more than $9 million was invested.

TVA Suppliers

  • In fiscal year 2016, TVA purchased over $14.3 million in nonfuel materials and services from North Carolina vendors.