TVA in Tennessee

Fiscal Year 2017 (October 2016 – September 2017)

Energy Sales

  • In fiscal year 2017, TVA sold over 91 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity to 61 municipal and 22 cooperatively owned utilities that distribute power in Tennessee.
  • The local power companies provided more than 46 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity to about 2.8 million Tennessee households in 2017.
  • Local power companies’ sales to over 459,000 commercial and industrial customers totaled 66 billion kilowatt-hours. In addition, these local power companies in Tennessee sold more than 1.14 billion kilowatt-hours to outdoor lighting customers.
  • Tennessee is home to 24 directly served customers of TVA that purchased over 7 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity.
  • TVA power revenues in Tennessee in fiscal year 2017 totaled over $7 billion, or about 66.4 percent of all TVA operating revenue.

Service Area

  • TVA serves virtually all of the 95 counties in Tennessee.
  • The TVA service area in Tennessee covers about 42,028 square miles, about 49 percent of TVA’s territory and 99.7 percent of Tennessee. This includes an electricity service area of 42,143 square miles and a watershed management area of 22,514 square miles.

Power Generation and Transmission

  • In Tennessee, TVA operates 19 hydroelectric dams, six coal-fired power plants, two nuclear power plants, seven combustion turbine sites and a pumped-storage plant, with a combined generating capacity of more than 19,655 megawatts.
    • Hydroelectric plants: Boone, Cherokee, Chickamauga, Douglas, Fort Loudoun, Fort Patrick Henry, Great Falls, Melton Hill, Nickajack, Norris, Ocoee 1, Ocoee 2, Ocoee 3, Pickwick Landing, South Holston, Tims Ford, Watauga, Watts Bar and Wilbur.
    • Coal-fired plants: Allen, Bull Run, Cumberland, Gallatin, Johnsonville and Kingston. Johnsonville Fossil Plant ceased operation on Dec. 31, 2017. Allen Fossil Plant will cease operation in 2018.
    • Nuclear plants: Sequoyah and Watts Bar.
    • Natural gas-fueled facilities: The Allen, Brownsville, Gallatin, Gleason, and Johnsonville sites host combustion turbine plants. John Sevier has a combined cycle plant, and the Lagoon Creek site hosts both a combustion turbine and a combined cycle plant.
    • Pumped-storage hydroelectric plant: Raccoon Mountain.
  • TVA operates nine solar facilities in Tennessee: a 1-megawatt solar array located at the Allen Natural Gas Plant in Memphis; a 31-kilowatt facility at the Adventure Science Center in Nashville; a 17-kilowatt facility at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville; a 10-kilowatt facility at Cocke County High School in Newport; a 17-kilowatt facility at the American Museum of Science and Energy in Oak Ridge; an 9‑kilowatt facility at Morgan County Vocational School in Wartburg; a 97-kilowatt facility at Finley Stadium in Chattanooga; a 20-kilowatt facility at Gibson County High School in Dyer; and a 32-kilowatt facility at the Bridges Center in Memphis.
  • TVA owns or maintains 264 substations and switchyards and 9,474 miles of transmission line in Tennessee.

 Land and Water Stewardship

  • TVA manages 33 reservoirs in Tennessee: Boone, Cherokee, Chickamauga, Douglas, Fort Loudoun, Fort Patrick Henry, Great Falls, Melton Hill, Nickajack, Nolichucky, Normandy, Norris, Ocoee 1, Ocoee 2, Ocoee 3, Raccoon Mountain, South Holston, Tellico, Tims Ford, Watauga, Watts Bar and Wilbur along with eight small reservoirs in the Beech River watershed in West Tennessee and portions of Kentucky, Pickwick and Guntersville reservoirs. The reservoirs have a combined surface area of about 300,000 acres and about 7,000 miles of shoreline.
  • TVA manages recreational, natural and cultural resources on more than 170,000 acres of public land around these reservoirs and partners with state, local and regional stakeholders to improve water quality, shoreline conditions, recreation and biodiversity.
  • Tennessee residents enjoy camping, fishing, boating, swimming and other recreational opportunities provided by the reservoirs, as well as economic benefits of recreation and tourism. TVA maintains 38 day-use recreation areas and 45 stream access sites.
  • The TVA visitor center at Raccoon Mountain Pumped-Storage Plant hosted more than 20,600 visitors in 2017. Raccoon Mountain is TVA’s largest hydroelectric facility. The Norris Dam Visitor Center overlooking the powerhouse, Norris Reservoir and a marina received over 34,600 visitors in 2017.
  • Overlooks at scenic South Holston and Fort Patrick Henry are accessible year round.

River Management

  • TVA maintains the structural, seismic and hydraulic integrity of 19 hydroelectric dams; 11 non-power dams; two small overflow detention dams at John Sevier Fossil Plant on the Holston River and Doakes Creek on Norris Reservoir; and one pumped-storage plant near Chattanooga.
  • TVA manages flows to support thermal compliance at our coal-fired and nuclear plants.
  • TVA owns seven locks in Tennessee (six main locks and one auxiliary lock), serving about 110 Tennessee ports and terminals. About 15 million tons of cargo moved through the facilities in fiscal year 2017.
  • TVA operates the dams and reservoirs in Tennessee as part of an integrated multi-purpose reservoir system to provide numerous stakeholders a variety of benefits which can include: navigation, flood risk reduction, low-cost hydropower, water supply, water quality and recreational opportunities.  At Chattanooga, which is prone to flooding because of its location just above where the Tennessee River flows through the narrow passes of the Cumberland Mountains, operation of TVA’s flood-control system has helped prevent about $5.8 billion in flood damage since its construction.
  • Ninety-three municipalities, thirty-two industries and seven mining companies in Tennessee draw water from the Tennessee River system. Water also is drawn for power plant cooling and irrigation.
  • TVA schedules releases of water from the Apalachia, Norris, Ocoee 1, Ocoee 2, Ocoee 3, Tims Ford and Watauga/Wilbur dams to support tailwater recreation in Tennessee.

Other TVA Operations

  • Tennessee households had approximately 33.17 million kilowatt-hours of electric energy efficiency savings from the completion of 14,539 eScores, 10,320 self-audits and 712 new homes. In addition, 423 new home builders were incentivized for installing Smart Electric Technologies.


  • There are 6,882 TVA employee living in Tennessee
  • Tennessee is home to about 14,219 TVA retirees and their families

Tax Equivalent Payments

  • TVA paid $344 million in lieu of taxes to Tennessee in 2017 based on power sales and power property values in the state.

Economic Development

  • TVA works with local power companies, directly served customers and regional, state and community organizations to create economic development opportunities for the TVA region. Economic development focuses on attracting and retaining jobs, capital investment, and serving and supporting communities as they prepare for economic growth. During fiscal year 2017, over 44,150 jobs were created or retained in Tennessee and more than $5.1 billion was invested.

TVA Suppliers

  • In fiscal year 2017, TVA purchased over $2.8 million in fossil fuels and associated services and over $6 billion in nonfuel materials and services from suppliers across the state of Tennessee.

Get the Bigger Picture

Want to understand how the nine states of the Tennessee Valley fit together? Want to see facts about the Tennessee Valley region as a whole? We have the answers you seek. Click here to see TVA at a Glance.