TVA in Tennessee


Energy Sales

  • In fiscal year 2015, TVA sold almost 96 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity to 61 municipal and 22 cooperatively owned utilities that distribute power in Tennessee.
  • The local power companies provided more than 42 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity to more than 2.7 million Tennessee households in 2015.
  • Local power companies’ sales to almost 453,000 commercial and industrial customers totaled 49.1 billion kilowatt-hours. In addition, these local power companies in Tennessee sold more than 1.1 billion kilowatt-hours to outdoor lighting customers.
  • Tennessee is home to 24 directly served customers of TVA that purchased over 6.2 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity.
  • TVA power revenues in Tennessee in fiscal year 2015 totaled almost $7.2 billion, or about 66 percent of all TVA operating revenue.

Service Area

  • TVA serves virtually all of the 95 counties in Tennessee.
  • The TVA service area in Tennessee covers about 42,038 square miles, about 49 percent of TVA’s territory and 99.7 percent of Tennessee. This includes an electricity service area of 41,397 square miles and a watershed management area of 22,514 square miles.

Power Generation and Transmission

  • In Tennessee, TVA operates 19 hydroelectric dams, six coal-fired power plants, two nuclear power plants, seven combustion turbine sites and a pumped-storage plant, with a combined generating capacity of more than 19,655 megawatts.
  • Hydroelectric plants: Boone, Cherokee, Chickamauga, Douglas, Fort Loudoun, Fort Patrick Henry, Great Falls, Melton Hill, Nickajack, Norris, Ocoee 1, Ocoee 2, Ocoee 3, Pickwick Landing, South Holston, Tims Ford, Watauga, Watts Bar and Wilbur.
  • Coal-fired plants: Allen, Bull Run, Cumberland, Gallatin, Johnsonville and Kingston.
  • Nuclear plants: Sequoyah and Watts Bar.
  • Natural gas-fueled facilities: Allen, Brownsville, Gallatin, Gleason, and Johnsonville sites host combustion turbine plants. John Sevier has a combined cycle plant. The Lagoon Creek site hosts both a combustion turbine and a combined cycle plant.
  • Pumped-storage hydroelectric plant: Raccoon Mountain.
  • TVA owns or maintains 263 substations and switchyards and 9,489 miles of transmission line in Tennessee.
  • TVA operates eight solar facilities in Tennessee: a 31-kilowatt facility at the Adventure Science Center in Nashville; a 17-kilowatt facility at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville; a 10-kilowatt facility at Cocke County High School in Newport; a 17-kilowatt facility at the American Museum of Science and Energy in Oak Ridge; a 9‑kilowatt facility at Morgan County Vocational School in Wartburg; a 97-kilowatt facility at Finley Stadium in Chattanooga; a 20-kilowatt facility at Gibson County High School in Dyer; and a 32-kilowatt facility at the Bridges Center in Memphis.
  • Methane gas—a source of renewable energy—from the city of Memphis’ wastewater treatment plant is burned with coal at TVA’s Allen Fossil Plant, adding 8 megawatts of generating capacity.
  • TVA has completed construction of Watts Bar Nuclear Plant Unit 2, in Spring City. This second reactor will add more than 1,100 megawatts of nuclear generating capacity when it comes online. It will be the nation’s first new nuclear generation of the 21st Century.

Land and Water Stewardship

  • TVA manages 33 reservoirs in Tennessee: Boone, Cherokee, Chickamauga, Douglas, Fort Loudoun, Fort Patrick Henry, Great Falls, Melton Hill, Nickajack, Nolichucky, Normandy, Norris, Ocoee 1, Ocoee 2, Ocoee 3, Raccoon Mountain, South Holston, Tellico, Tims Ford, Watauga, Watts Bar and Wilbur along with eight small reservoirs in the Beech River watershed in West Tennessee and portions of Kentucky, Pickwick and Guntersville reservoirs. The reservoirs have a combined surface area of about 300,000 acres and about 7,000 miles of shoreline in Tennessee.
  • TVA manages recreational, natural and cultural resources on more than 170,000 acres of public land around these reservoirs and partners with state, local and regional stakeholders to improve water quality, shoreline conditions, recreation and biodiversity.
  • The TVA visitor center at Raccoon Mountain Pumped-Storage Plant and Laurel Point welcomed more than 10,200 visitors in 2015 and is TVA’s largest hydroelectric facility. The Norris Dam Visitor Center overlooking the powerhouse, Norris Reservoir and a marina received over 7,000 visitors in 2015.
  • In the northeast part of the state, the overlooks at scenic South Holston and Fort Patrick Henry Dams reopened in July 2015. The overlooks are accessible year-round. 1,525 visitors came to Fort Patrick Henry and over 6,150 visitors came to South Holston in 2015.
  • Tennessee residents enjoy camping, fishing, boating, swimming and other recreational opportunities provided by the reservoirs, as well as economic benefits of recreation and tourism. TVA maintains 38 day-use recreation areas and 45 stream access sites.

River Management

  • TVA maintains the structural, seismic and hydraulic integrity of 19 hydroelectric dams, 11 non-power dams, two small overflow detention dams at John Sevier Fossil Plant on the Holston River and Doakes Creek on Norris Reservoir, and one pumped-storage plant near Chattanooga.
  • TVA manages flows to support thermal compliance at our coal-fired and nuclear plants.
  • TVA owns seven locks in Tennessee (six locks on the main river and one auxiliary lock), serving about 110 Tennessee ports and terminals. About 17 million tons of cargo move through the facilities in calendar year 2015.
  • TVA operates the dams and reservoirs in Tennessee as part of an integrated multi-purpose reservoir system to provide numerous stakeholders a variety of benefits which can include: navigation, flood risk reduction, low-cost hydropower, water supply, water quality and recreational opportunities. At Chattanooga, which is prone to flooding because of its location just above where the Tennessee River flows through the narrow passes of the Cumberland Mountains, operation of TVA’s flood-control system has helped prevent about $5.6 billion in flood damage since its construction.
  • About 93 municipalities, 32 industries and seven mining companies in Tennessee draw water from the Tennessee River system. Water also is drawn for irrigation and for cooling power plants.
  • TVA schedules releases of water from the Apalachia, Norris, Ocoee 1, Ocoee 2, Ocoee 3, Tims Ford Watauga and Wilbur dams to support tailwater recreation in Tennessee.

Other TVA Operations

Tennessee households had 26.52 million kilowatt-hours of energy efficiency savings from the completion of 11,588 eScore measures, the purchase of 591,604 bulbs through the Retail Lighting Promotion, and approximately 8,431 self-audits taken online or by paper survey.


There are 7,318 TVA employees and over over 14,449 TVA retirees and their families who live in Tennessee.

Tax Equivalent Payments

TVA paid $ 350.6 million in lieu of taxes to Tennessee in 2015, based on power sales and power property values in the state.

Economic Development

TVA works with local power companies, directly served customers and regional, state and community organizations to create economic development opportunities for the TVA region. Economic development focuses on attracting and retaining jobs, capital investment and serving and supporting communities to prepare for economic growth. During fiscal year 2015, over 57,150 jobs were created or retained in Tennessee and more than $5.5 billion was invested.

TVA Suppliers

In fiscal year 2015, TVA purchased $2 million in fossil fuels and over $157 million in nonfuel materials and services from Tennessee vendors.