Chatuge Reservoir, located on the Hiwassee River in western North Carolina, is 13 miles long and extends southeast from the dam into north Georgia. The reservoir is named after a nearby Cherokee settlement.
Sport fishing is popular at Chatuge, both in the reservoir and in the Hiwassee River below the dam. A concrete weir has been installed below the dam to provide a steady flow of water in the riverbed and to increase oxygen levels for fish and other aquatic animals. Wade fishing for trout is popular here since fish are attracted to the weir, where food is abundant.
Chatuge is operated for many purposes, including flood damage reduction, power generation and augmentation of water flows for navigation downstream.
Chatuge: Facts + Figures
- Construction of Chatuge Dam began in 1941 and was completed in 1942.
- The dam is 150 feet high and stretches 3,336 feet across the Hiwassee River.
- Chatuge was originally built to store water to help reduce flood damage downstream. A single hydropower generating unit was added in 1954 with a summer net dependable capacity of 14 megawatts. Net dependable capacity is the amount of power a hydroelectric dam can produce on an average day, minus the electricity used by the dam itself.
- In a year with normal rainfall, the water level in Chatuge Reservoir varies about 10 feet from summer to winter to provide seasonal flood storage.
- Chatuge has a flood-storage capacity of 62,600 acre-feet.
More Information on Chatuge Reservoir
The Unified Development of the Tennessee River plan
stressed TVA was to provide flood control, navigation and electricity for the region. TVA’s dams are tangible evidence of its primary mission: improving life in the Tennessee Valley. We’re celebrating the plan with an in-depth look at 32 of the dams it comprises.
A Dam for All Seasons
Operated initially solely to increase flows for war-time power production at other dams downstream, Chatuge later came into its own as a power producer, multiple-purpose reservoir and picturesque recreation area. Read more about Chatuge’s backstory here.