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Apalachia Dam

Apalachia Reservoir Land Management Plan

Reservoir Land Management Plans (RLMPs) effectively guide land use approvals, private water use facility permitting, and resource management decisions on TVA-managed public land.

Apalachia Reservoir is one of nine tributary reservoirs included in the Mountain RLMPs project, which was approved by the TVA Board of Directors in November 2009.

Apalachia Reservoir is an impoundment of the Hiwassee River formed by Apalachia Dam, which is located at Hiwassee River mile 66.0. Apalachia Reservoir is located in western North Carolina surrounded by the Nantahala National Forest. The reservoir provides a beautiful site for fishing, canoeing, and hiking.

Apalachia uses a pipeline and tunnel system that carries water over 8 miles through mountainous terrain to the dam powerhouse located downriver.


The scope of the Apalachia RLMP is 896.3 acres of the 6,273.0 total acres of TVA public land in the Mountain RLMP. The Apalachia RLMP contains a regional overview, information about the environment around the reservoir and descriptions of each parcel of land. Apalachia Reservoir property is divided into seven parcels, and each parcel is assigned a single land use allocation zone. Descriptions of the allowable land uses within each land planning zone are available here.

Mountain Reservoirs Land Management Plan


Use the GIS Viewer Map to find individual parcels and land use allocations for TVA reservoir property.  Click on individual parcels to find out more information about a piece of TVA property.  Please note that parcel descriptions are included in the interactive map viewer for convenience, but may have been altered from the original description due to character length restrictions.  Please reference the appropriate Reservoir Land Management Plan for the complete parcel descriptions.  Also, please note that parcel descriptions are representative of the time in which the plans were written; some information may be out of date such as available facilities or names of commercial operations.

Download Map (PDF)

Reservoir Land Management Plan Viewer

How to Use the Viewer Map (PDF)


Land Allocation Acreage

TVA land around Apalachia Reservoir has been allocated for certain land uses as summarized in the table below.

Allocation Designation *Acreage
Zone 2Project Operations813.5
Zone 3Sensitive Resource Management0.0
Zone 4Natural Resource Conservation0.0
Zone 5Industrial0.0
Zone 6Developed Recreation82.8
Zone 7Shoreline Access0.0

*Zone 1 is Non-TVA Shoreland with TVA land rights and does not change as a result of the lands planning process.

Environmental Review

TVA’s land planning methodology incorporates the environmental review process established under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). NEPA requires federal agencies to consider the effects of their proposed projects on the human and natural environment before final decisions are made.

Mountain Reservoirs Environmental Review

It is important to note that RLMPs are programmatic plans that designate potential allowable land uses as defined in the land use zone definitions and do not involve specific land actions. TVA would complete an appropriate site-specific environmental review prior to proposed development or activity on TVA public land.