Topographical Maps

Most of the trails are overlaid on topographic (or topo) maps. Topo maps are an attempt to show real variations in elevation on a flat map. If you know how to read a topo map, the map itself can tell you a lot. Here are a few tips to help you out:

  • Contour lines are the brown lines on a topo map and can tell you a lot about the terrain. They show the elevation—the steepness or flatness of the land. The closer the lines are together the steeper the terrain; the more spread out the lines the flatter the terrain. When contour lines are numbered, such as 3800’, land all along that line is 3800 feet above sea level. Contour lines follow the land formations such as valleys, which are marked by a V shape with the bottom of the V pointing uphill.
  • Black squares or rectangles represent buildings: houses, barns, businesses, schools (have a flag on top), churches (have a cross on top, etc.
  • Blue indicates water and green indicates forested area. There are also symbols for wetlands, ponds and meadows.
  • Most roads are indicated by a red line, a red and white dashed line or two black lines.
  • If you see a symbol that looks like concentric circles with hash marks, it means a depression, such as a sinkhole. A concentric circular shape without hash marks indicates a high point, hilltop, knob, etc.
  • For a full description of all symbols used on topo maps, visit and search for Topographic Map Symbols.

TVA Trails

With our guide to TVA's 170+ miles of trails, finding the right destination has never been easier. Consult our map or list, which is sorted by state and reservoir. You'll find detailed trail descriptions, the inside line on difficulty levels, information about amenities, maps, distance, uses and any relevant notes that might affect or enhance your experience. Find your TVA Trails.

History on Wheels

Two new multi-use, bike-optimized trails near South Holston dam offer fun the whole family can enjoy. Check them out.

Trail Safety

Minimize risks and maximize fun. Get tips for keeping yourself—and the environment around you—safe while you're out on a hike. Read more about trail safety.

Adopt a TVA Trail

TVA manages more than 30 public trails (150 miles) along the Tennessee River and its tributaries and on reservoir lands. You can help us by protecting and monitoring the trails to instill a legacy of conservation. Learn how to volunteer.